Public Trust
F/152/Yavatmal, Dated 31/07/1964



About Yavatmal

Yavatmal is a city in the north eastern region and municipal council in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Situated about 1460 feet above sea level, this town lies in the Vidarbha region and is surrounded by the Chandrapur, Parbhani, Akola and Amravati districts on either sides. It is the administrative headquarters of Yavatmal District. Yavatmal is around 90 km away from divisional headquarters Amravati while it is 670 km away from the state capital Mumbai. The name is derived from the Marathi Yavat (mountain) and mal (row). Needless to say, Yavatmal City is an educational hub for the various streams of knowledge. The mini-train called Shakuntala is a historic remark built by the British government to transport cotton which is now closed. The chief rivers flowing through the district are the Wardha and the Penganga. The Wardha is the only river flowing through the district which is partly navigable. The Bembla and the Nirguda are the main perennial tributaries of the Wardha which flow through the district. Adan is other important river in this area. Other rivers like Benbala, Arunavati and Pus have dams on it. Water supply to Yavatmal city is done from Nilona, Chapdoha and Bembala Dams. Yavatmal is in Balaghat Hill Range. Navaratri Festival is very important event of the city. Loknayak Bapuji Ane, Vasantrao Naik, Jawaharlal Darda were prominent persons of Yavatmal history.

This city has a tropical climate. Cotton, Jawar, Groundnut and Turdal are the main crops of the District. During British rule, Yavatmal city was classified as a hill station. Both cotton-ginning and pressing are carried on in Yavatmal, while the town is also the chief trading centre in the district and connected by road with Dhamangaon station, 47 km away. Major business establishments in Yavatmal include the Raymond’s factory which produces special fibre for jeans. There are establishments related to the cotton, and textile industries. Other local businesses in the town are dominated by the presence of agricultural supply facilities used by the nearby farming community.

History of Yavatmal

Yavatmal has been ruled over by several popular dynasties and each had their influence on development and culture in their own unique way. Prior to being known as Yavatmal, the town was also referred to as Yavatecha Mahal and Yot-Lohar. Back in those days, Yavatmal was the main town under the Deccan Sultanate of Berar. The Mughals took the town over from the rulers of Ahmednagar and post the death of the last Mughal emperor. Yavatmal was captured by the Marathas. The British then finally annexed the place. Initially recognised as a city of Central India, it was later included in the state of Maharashtra.

If you want to know meaning of the name YAVATMAL you can read it in Marathi
Early History

Yavatmal, with the rest of Berar, must have formed part of the legendary kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata, with the eponymous capital of which Bidar in the Nizam’s Dominions has been identified; and legend identifies the village of Kelapur, which gives its name to one of the talukas of the District, with Kuntalapur, one of the cities of Vidarbha; but the identification of sites in this nebulous kingdom must always be a matter of pure conjecture. The name of the kingdom has, however, been preserved in its adjectival form Vidarbha in the east of Kelapur and flows into the Penganga.

Sunga Dynasty

Berar formed part of the empire of Ashoka Maurya, who reigned from 272 to 231 B.C., but before the disruption of the Maurya empire seems to have regained independence under a local chieftain, for towards the end of the reign of Pushyamitra Sungna, who has commanded the forces of Brihadratha, the last Maurya emperor, and having slain his master, had established an independent dynasty with its capital at Vidisa, the modern Bhilsa, Agnimitra, his son, found it necessary to make war on his neighbour, the Raja of Vidarbha. The latter was defeated, and the river Wardha was made the boundary between the two kingdoms. There is no indication of the dynasty to which this Raja of Vidarbha belonged or of the extent of his dominions; but the incident is mentioned as one, which affected Eastern Berar in times, which, in the present state of our historical knowledge, may almost be turned, prehistoric

Vakatak & other Hindu Kingdoms

It is unnecessary, in considering the history of the Yavatmal District, to trace the connection of the Andhras, Sakas, Pahlavas and Yavatmal with Berar; but it is practically certain that the District with most, it not the whole, of the rest of the Province, formed part of the dominions of the Vakatak dynasty. Of this line of kings little is known; but if their capital was, as has been conjectured, at Bhandak, a village near Chandrapur, the Yavatmal District was very near the seat of Government. A short inscription in Cave XVI at Ajanta gives the names of seven members of the Vakatak family, and from other sources we know that ten Rajas, the names of all of whom save one, have been handed down, ascended the throne. The first was Vindhyasakti, who has been variously placed in A.D.275, 400, and allowing 25 years as the average length of a reign, 575; but all of these dates are very uncertain. The Chalukyas and the Rashtrakutas have left no monuments in the District. In the latter half of the tenth century it was included in the kingdom of Vakpati II, Munja, the Paramara Raja of Malwa, whose dominions stretched southwards to the Godavari; but about 995 A.D., Taila II defeated and captured the Raja of Malwa, and Berar thus fell once more under the sway of the Chalukyas. Towards the end of the twelfth century the Yadavas of Deorigi seized most of the northern districts of the Chalukya kingdom, but it may be doubted whether the whole, if any part, of the Yavatmal District was annexed by this dynasty. The eastern tracts were probably occupied by the Gonds, whose power in the neighbourhood of Chandrapur seems to have waxed as that of the Chalukyas waned.

Mughals, Marathas and British

Yavatmal was the main town of the Berar Sultanate and according to old writings "the safest place in the world". It was part of the dominion of Aladdin Hassan Bahman Shah who founded the Bahmani Sultanate in 1347. In 1572, Murtaza Shah, ruler of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate (current day Ahmadnagar District), annexed the Yavatmal district. In 1596, Chand Bibi, warrior queen of Ahmadnagar, ceded the district of Yavatmal to the Mughal Empire, then rulers of a large part of India. Following the death of the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707, Yavatmal was passed on to the Maratha Empire. When Raghoji Bhonsle-I became ruler of the Nagpur kingdom in 1783, he included the Yavatmal district in his territory. After the British East India Company created Berar Province in 1853, Yavatmal became part of East Berar District in 1863 and later part of the South East Berar district—both districts of the Central Provinces and Berar. In 1864, Yavatmal along with some other Talukas was formed into the district initially called Southeast Berar and later renamed Wani. In 1903, Berar was leased by the Nizam of Hyderabad to the British Government of India. In 1905 British changed the district from Wani to Yavatmal. Yavatmal remained part of Madhya Pradesh until the 1956 reorganization of states when it was transferred to the Bombay State. With the creation of the Maharashtra state on 1st May 1960, Yavatmal district became a part of the same.


The main language of the Yavatmal district is Marathi however Varhadi dialect of Marathi majorly spoken by people of Yavatmal. However, since the district has numerous Scheduled and Nomadic Tribes, other languages such as Gormati or Banjari, Gondi, Urdu, Telugu and Kolami are also spoken in parts of the district.


Yavatmal is very easily accessible by road. One can opt for the National Highway 7, from Nagpur or Hyderabad. The State Highway from Amravati to Chandrapur also passes through Yavatmal. There are several state transport buses and private tour operators that facilitate the commuting between various towns and cities within Maharashtra and Yavatmal. Nagpur-Tuljapur National highway 361 passes through Yavatmal. Mumbai–Nagpur Expressway will directly connect to Yavatmal City with feeder roads. On Broad gauge Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line, nearest Railway station is at Dhamangaon 48 km and Badnera (Amravati) is 70km from Yavatmal. Nagpur-Nanded-Hyderabad rail line passes through Wani which is 100km from Yavatmal. Yavatmal airport is located 9 km east of the city of Yavatmal and has been taken up by Reliance Airport Developers Ltd for development. The nearest airport is in Nagpur at a distance of 123kms.

What to see in and around Yavatmal

In the socio-economic development of the district agricultural products, old temples, tourist places, business centres, industries contributes a lot. Old Forts are not present in the district. In view of tourism, few temples and huge forest with beautiful vegetation cover attracts tourist as well as devotees. In Yavatmal District, Ghanti Baba fair at Digras and Sri Ranganath Swami Fair at Wani are the most famous fairs are in district.

In Yavatmal

Kedareshvar Mahadev Temple, Yavatmal

It is Gramdaivat of Yavatmal, this temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is an ancient Hemadpanthi temple of Kedareshvar, believed to be 1100 years old. This divine spot is situated in the centre of the town and houses the Kedareshvar shrine that is of great importance and antiquity. The Sabha Mandap inside the temple was designed in 1915. The temple is of great architectural value. The entrance is designed beautifully and has a large Linga symbol. Nandi structure is installed in front of it.

Vitthal Rukmini Mandir, Yavatmal

Very old temple of Vitthal Rukmai near Saroj Talkies in Yavatmal. They have Goshala too.

RajRajeshwar Panchamukhi Mahadev Temple, Chausala, Yavatmal

It is 3 km from Yavatmal on the hillock. Located amidst deep forest, Chausal is a hill located on the outskirts of Yavatmal, is famous for the Lord Shiva Temple atop it. Serene and immaculate, it is a beautiful place to visit and enjoy the beauty of nature typical of the central Deccan. Forest area in the vicinity makes it a great spot for excursion. For those who want to study the flora and fauna in Deccan Plateau, for them, it's a great opportunity to explore. Nearby this place there is Rukmini-Pandurang Sansthan where Sant Maniram Maharaj was Sevak.

Sankatmochan Hanuman Temple, Yavatmal

It is behind Yavatmal All India Radio. It is very old Hanuman Temple. There is a Nehru Stadium too in nearby vicinity.

Tata Jinatla Ganapati Temple, Yavatmal

It is an old Ganapati temple on Dhamangaon road Cotton Market area.

Garden and Lake, Yavatmal

There is a beautiful garden around lake (Dhobi Ghat) near embankment of small dam on Godhani Road near Amolakchand College.

Prayas Van, Plantation of 10,000 Trees in Yavatmal

The tree plantation activity was organized under the campaign ‘Prayas Van’ initiated by the social organization “Prayas”, Yavatmal. Prayas has decided to plant 10,000 trees and started the plantation. According to the National Forest Policy Act, 1988, the government has adopted a policy of tree planting and conservation with the participation of NGOs to achieve the goal of forest cover. Accordingly, a tripartite agreement was signed between Forest Department (MR) Prayas Yavatmal and Dilas Sanstha, Ghatanji, and with the aim of planting 10,000 trees on 25 acres of forest land near Yavatmal city, construction of 'Prayas Van' was started. This is a pilot project in collaboration with social organizations, associations, civil society people with the objective of creating a sustainable and healthy environment around Yavatmal city and maintaining the balance of the environment. A total of 10,000 trees of 70 different species are being planted in this area.

Jagat Mandir, Yavatmal

Very Old temple of Lord Vishnu in Shyam Society of Yavatmal. Nearby to this temple you can find Nisargopachar Kendra too.

Dhumnapur Hanuman Temple, Yavatmal

Outskirt of Yavatmal on Ner-Amravati road, there is Hanuman Temple in forest Area. Many people visit this temple.

Kamleshwar Mahadeo Temple, Lohara, Yavatmal

Outskirt of Yavatmal on Ner Amravati road, there is black stone Hemadpanthi Mahadeo temple. It is MIDC area

Nagar Wachanalay, Yavatmal

It is located at Pachkandil Chowk opposite Police Station. To commemorate the coronation of Queen Victoria of England, it was established in 1887 and name was Jubilee Library, started by British Collector.

Hanuman Akhada, Yavatmal

Established by Dr.Siddhanath Kane in 1917 on Main Road. At the time of Hitler, boys from this institution went for Malkhamb and Indian System of Exercises in Olympic. Every year, Wrestling competitions are arranged here.

Saradashram Itihas Sanshodhan Sanstha, Yavatmal

This Archaeological research Institute was started in 1932 by Dr.Yashwant Khushal Deshpande, a historical researcher. We can find here in large number very old Bhojpatra, Tamrapatra, Shilalekh, old documents, old coins and Hastalikhit manuscripts. Nice place for researchers.

Nehru Stadium District Sports Complex, Yavatmal

The stadium has a basketball court, skating court, tennis court, handball court, track for running and walking, gym etc. It has a synthetic lawn. There is the different fees structure for courts and ground. Office of District Sports Officer, Yavatmal is situated in stadium.

Panchdhara Durga Devi and Shiva Mandir, Yavatmal

It is situated at 1 km from new Nagpur-Yavatmal on Dhamangaon bypass road in forest area. It is beautiful spot with Shiva Ling surrounded with water and in between two rocks there is temple of Ashtabhuja Durga Devi too.

Datta Mandir, Datta Chowk, Yavatmal

There is an around 100 years old Datta Mandir in Datta Chowk of Yavatmal. It is behind bus stand. There are images of Navnath, Hanuman and Devi.

Balaji Mandir, Balaji Chowk, Yavatmal

This Balaji temple in Balaji Chowk is also 100 years old from where there is a underground way to Kedareshwar temple. This temple belongs to Vishnu Swami Sampraday of Nirmohi Akhada. Annakut Utsav is celebrated every year.

Yavatmal City Map